Blog

If you are one of them who drives BMW with N43 and/or N53 series petrol engines, the most likely you have experienced rough run, misfires and never-ending stories with injectors, spark plugs and ignition coils replacements.

In our blog, we reveal most popular and well-hidden cause of these problems. We also provide cost-effective and long lasting solution.

 

We recommend to start with article who describes sentence:


Rough idle, uneven operation, errors about trim problems and misfires – hidden cause

The most woe of N43/N53 series engines: uneven operation – is well known to all interested, enthusiasts and repairers.

Yes, sometimes spark plugs, ignition coils and injectors are ones to blame. But one tricky cause is hiding, and nobody mentions of it. What it could be? Read more..


Online diagnostics. N43/N53

To each BMW enthusiast, we offer Online diagnostics for N43/N53 engines.

What does it mean?

Read more…


Rough run. Summary

Most popular reasons of rough run.

 

Read more…


Uneven run. How to act


How to handle the situation, when N43/N53 has started to shiver.

Read more…

 


MSD80 diagnostics using INPA

In this entry: step-by-step diagnostics of, possibly, one of the most complicated engine management system of all times. Each of stages is kept as short as possible, references to previous posts for much more detailed information will regarding each knot/ theme be inserted.

Read more…


NOXEM 129 | 130

Installation. Introduction | Part 1 | Part 2

FAQ about NOXEM | Troubleshooting

OEM NOx sensor vs NOXEMGlossary


NOXEM 402

Installation. Introduction | Encoding and re-adaptation of the engine

FAQ about NOXEM | Troubleshooting

OEM NOx sensor vs NOXEMGlossary


 

Entries relating NOx system – NOx catalytic converter and NOx sensor:


BMW N43/N53 series engine operation modes. Stratified charge injection performance check

Unfortunately none from available diagnostic programs don’t gives a clear view, in which mode does N43 and N53 performs on current moment AND which modes are allowed. For this reason we have to use several indirect evidences and parameters.

First impression – information, in which mode the engine (N43/N53) operates you can find using INPA. Read more..


NOx catalytic converter regeneration and desulfation

More about basic operating principles of NOx catalytic converter you can read in N53 series engine after-sales training material or in any description of non-BMW engine, which performs in Stratified charge mode.

Here I will pay attention to observations from “real life”, which quite essentially differs from official newsletters. Read more..


NOx catalytic conveter – to be or not to be?

I get more and more questions regarding the topic of NOx catalytic converter. Some askers wont to change the exhaust, removing this catalytic converter; some are interested in the normal performance of the engine is possible without NOx catalytic converter.

Read more…


30EA Nitric Oxide Catalytic converter, sulphurized

MSD80 records this message, if the mathematically counted parameter of sulfur “poisoning” is significantly higher than the norm, and the regeneration or catalytic converter is not performed/not possible. Causes for such situation could be:..

Read more..


30E9 nitric oxide catalytic converter, aging

Error message 30E9 is specific, and it could be registered only in error message memory of MSD80 control unit for N43/N53 engines. Only these engines have NOx system with NOx catalytic converter included in it.

Why the error message 30E9 is registered? Read more…

 


2EAE message of nitrogen oxide sensor 1 missing (timeout)

Few times per second MSD80 sends command or data request to NOx sensor. One hundred times per second NOx sensor “answers” to MSD80: execute required commands or sends measured data.

Read more…

 


Replacing NOx sensor for BMW N43/N53

 

When fuel consumption grows, most probably, the rough run of engine has also started…

Read more..

 


Problems and performance check of NOx sensor

The NOx sensor is comparatively quite expensive spare part, it’s price is around 450 .. 500 EUR, but work-life: very limited.

How to evaluate the performance of NOx sensor?

Read more…


F10/11 and NOx system

Also, F10/11 till LCI version is equipped with N53B30 series engines.

Depending on power class, they are installed on 523i, 528i, and 530i.

Read more…

 


F10/11. NOx sensor. Connections

The connection of NOx sensor to MSD87 is modified – it is significantly different from the solution for E series.

 

Read more…

 


 

All information about specific problems of N43/N53


Statistics 2018

Each quarter the team of Bimmerprofs receives data regarding hundreds of N43/N53 engines. Several tenths of them are inspected on the spot, regarding others, the INPA data and the outline of the situation and problems from their owners are received.

Read more…


N43/N53 and exhaust gases. TI

In this entry, I will tell you a bit more about control of the exhaust gases for these complicated engines – what nuances have to be taken in the account to pass the Technical Inspection and exhaust gas test successfully.

 

Read more…


N43/N53 and technical inspection

Not without a reason, BMW AG in their instruction how to perform their engine exhaust test highlights the specifics of N43/N53 engines.

 

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Purchase of car with the N43/N53 engine

In this entry I will compile recommendations, which have to be taken into the account, buying the car with N series engine.

 

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Perfectly performing N53 in few hours!

How to get N43/N53 to perform as new?

 

Read more…

 


30BA/30BB. Repair of MSD80

Entering these error codes in Google search engine, the output is 20 .. 30 thousands of entries. And no wonder, because…

 

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Limp mode without error messages?

This entry will be dedicated to the topic:

how important is for all N43/N53 (sub) systems to work perfectly. This time we put the accent on “all systems” because there are no unimportant systems!

Read more…


Carbon residues

It is clear, that the engine with direct injection has problems with carbon residues in the intake manifold because the fuel (as for “usual” engines) does not clean’s it.

 

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Injectors. Adaptations. Coding

Several themes will be merged in this post, but it’s necessary, to explain the principles of performance of the engine management system.

Let’s start with several interesting issues regarding coding of injectors.

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Idle. Measurements of mechanical efficiency

As already mentioned in other entries, modern engines are performing the measurements of mechanical efficiency in idle. Measurements are done, taking into account short-term speed changes of the flywheel.

 

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Stratified charge. Idle. Part 2

This time – more about the Stratified charge, because data of cylinder-individual correction in Homogeneous mixture mode, unfortunately, are not available. Accordingly – in case of any problems, we have to investigate, how the engine behaves in Stratified charge mode.

Read more…


Attention! INPA and N43

INPA used the same loader both for N43 and N53 series engines. Thereby – if the N43 series engine is diagnosed, some questions regarding menu, where the performance of injectors/cylinders is displayed, arise.

 

Read more…


Misfire detection algorithm and it’s fails

Many people are asking – why the misfire algorithm tests for different software releases were performed? Why it is so important?

 

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DISA

DISA is used also in other/previous BMW engines, not only N43/N53, so here we will mention only nuances, which are topical exactly for these engines.

 

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N series. Throttle and accelerator pedal

For N series petrol engines, electronic accelerator pedal, and electrical throttle are used. Nothing revolutionary new, so I will pay attention only to some nuances.

 

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Is max torque available?

When the weather becomes warm, more and more BMW drivers are enjoying driving pleasure, offered by BMW. More and more I receive e-mails – there is suspicion, that the engine doesn’t develop max torque/power. What to do in this situation?

Read more…


Siemens vs Bosch. Part 1

Since long ago, BMW uses engine management systems of both brands – Siemens and Bosch.

What concerns petrol engines (4/6 cylinder versions), initially Jetronic/Motronic solutions from Bosch were used…

Read more…


Siemens vs Bosch. Part 2

Performing diagnostics of several N46/N55 series engines (with Bosch management units), the problem, which perfectly fits in the theme of this entry, became clear.

 

Read more…


3104. BMW AG: problem solved! Or not?

What to do, when the good idea fails?

Try to fix it, solve it? Yes of course. How does Siemens (the BMW AG partner) succeeded with solving the Rough run problem for MSD80? Very poor.

Read more…


Uneven running. Rough run. Smooth run. Fake 3104

Never ending story about N52/N53/N54 and family of 4 cylinder N series petrol engines and troubles with even running.. I believe, each owner of car with any engine mentioned has seen names mentioned above in error message descriptions! There is a legend, that the engine of this series running smooth – it’s mission impossible.

Read more..


MSD80 Software releases

As mentioned in previous posts, the MSD80 is much more complicated engine control unit than one before (also MSV70/MSV80), and it makes sense, that such complicated unit has it’s flaws (more about it – read here), and also software updates are required.

Read more…


MSD80. Specific ‘features’

MSD80 is a very complicated engine management system. Times, when the engine management system was performing specific, easy to understand algorithms, are gone for good. The engine control units of present moment are specialized, high performance computers, which performs several tenths of tasks at the same time.

Read more…


MSD80 software upgrade. N53B30U0 to N53B30O0 upgrade project.

Already for a longer while I had an idea to upgrade the software for my N53B30 U0. I was discouraged by thought, that the engine already has chip-tuning performed (for this current version, the benefit could be quite impressive: around + 50 hp, around + 40 Nm – it’s worth it, because the result is almost identical at the most powerful version of engine).

Read more…


 

BMW engine diagnostics cases:


Total crash. What happened?

This time – about the situation, which becomes “popular” in warm weather. The engine shivers, idle is very unstable, error messages regarding fuel trim (lean mixture) are possible, also misfires appear.

Why exactly in warm weather?

Read more…


N46. S..t happens

A symptom of the problem: permanent vibration in idle and also driving, decreased power of the engine.

In the same time: without any problems, the engine is able to maintain Stoichiometric mixture, indications (voltage) of control probes – correct.

Read more…


N43/N53 fuel supply

Many have heard about HPFP (high-pressure fuel pump) recalls in the beginnings of N43/N53, also for vehicles, which are in use now, error messages regarding fuel pressure are very often. Unfortunately due to faulty diagnostics, very often HPFP is mistakingly identified as faulty fuel supply element.

Read more…


Uneven run. VANOS

This theme applies not only to engines of series N43/N53, but also other petrol engines of BMW, which are equipped with VANOS.

 

Read more…


VANOS. Hideen problems. Part 2

In this entry – about one quite common situation, related to the VANOS. The current problem has quite often seen both for N43/52/53 series engines with MSV/MSD Siemens management system and N42/46 series engines with ME/MEV management system. Also, M series engines are “familiar” with this problem.

Read more…


Oil pressure. N43/N53

The oil pressure for N43/N53 series engines is controlled by oil pressure sensor, which is located after the valve (solenoid). The valve is managed via DME by PWM and defines necessary oil pressure, accordingly to engine temperature, RPM, load.

Read more…


MSV70/80, MSD80 and Lambda probes. Hidden defects

In simple cases, MSV/MSD engine management units identify damaged Lambda probes, using self-diagnostics, marking the relevant errors. Unfortunately quite often there are no error messages, but still the engine has problems with maintaining the fuel.

Read more…


Wide-band probes. Hidden defects. Part 2

The defect, mentioned in this entry, is quite rare. But in my practice are several cases with exactly this defect. It is very hard to identify this current defect…

 

Read more…


N53B30. When adaptations failed

This post best describes N43/N53 series engines – their complicated engine management, specific nuances in management performance and diagnostics.

The patient: N53B30.

Read more..


The story of an injector

A few months ago during the longer driving session, uneven performance of the engine was observed. Inspection of misfire counters with the ELM327 adapter was detected, that there are increased count or misfires in cylinder No.6.

 

Read more…


N43 with strange behavior

One car with N43 engine got lucky – it happened to get to qualified mechanic. It turned out, that valve seals had lost flexibility, exhaust valves were swimming in oil. Oil in large amounts was found also in exhaust.

After engine repair (replacement of valve seals, prophylactic maintenance of engine head, new seals for exhaust).. Read more..


M54 with MS43 control

This time the story about classic of BMW engines.

Yesterday I took the opportunity to join an interesting case: E39 with M54B25 engine and, accordingly, MS43 Siemens control unit.

Read more..


BUS lines, used by BMW

I/K/P BUS (9600 bps), D BUS (9600/115.000 bps), BSD (Bit-serial Data Interface) (1200 bps), Lin-bus (9600/19200/20000 bps), DWA-bus (9600 bps)…

Read more…


Once again Lambda probes. N52

Today I had the chance to be present in quite interesting case, where several mechanics were not able to find the cause of problem.

Read more..


 

Entries relating adaptations:


STFT and LTFT

 

In this entry you will find information about short-term fuel trims and long-term fuel trims. Description applies not only to N43/N53 engines, but to all progressive BMW engines.

Read more..


Flywheel adaptations

 

Adaptations of flywheel is the basic for all adaptations. Probably, the most important of all adaptations. This article applies to MSD80 (MSV70, MSV80 will be the same), other management systems can have differences.

Read more..


How I perform N53 adaptations

What does it means – to perform adaptations?

To perform adaptations: to create an initial maps for all management systems (long-term fuel trim map, ignition map, etc.) and coefficients (multipliers for cold engine fuel corrections, etc.).

Read more..


Once again about adaptations

If the engine performs as intended by the manufacturer, repair specialist don’t have to worry, how the adaptations are created. This is the only way, how to understand the total vacuum of information regarding creation of adaptations for MSD80.

Read more…


 

The theory in practice:


Lambda probes. Introduction

What is Lambda?

Lambda (AFR) is characterizing relationship of air/fuel ratio. For example…

Read more…


Management of Lambda probes

 

The oxygen sensors (Lambda probes) perform the control of exhaust gases and are one of the most important parts of petrol engine. The modern BMW engines use 3 or 4 oxygen sensors.

Read more..


Lambda probes. Wideband

For check up of exhaust gases oxygen sensors are used. Long time ago is was zirconium narrow band Lambda sensors (in the beginning – without heating, after – with additional heating, which allows probes to be ready more quicker and also ensures more accurate data)..

Read more..


N43/N53 operation modes. Basics

In many ways, N43/N53 series engine is a leader of BMW technologies.

It’s control system MSD80/81 can work in several operation modes..

Read more..

 


Overheating problems

The summer is here, and also overheating problems of the engines also. In this entry – basics of cooling for all most popular BMW engines.

 

Read more…


Closed loop system. What does it means?

In several entries, the term “closed loop system” is mentioned. Now it’s time to explain bit more about this notion.

 

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Thermal management of N series engines

BMW AG in after-sales material mention, that thermal management of N series is directed by DME.

There are several work modes.

Read more…


Thermal management. Part 2

In the first part of the entry of Thermal management I already mentioned, that the cooling system of modern N series engines has following (powerful) tools…

 

Read more…


Petrol engines, CO converters and TI

In this entry – a little about CO catalytic converters and exhaust gases.

Typical content of perfectly performing petrol engine…

Read more…

 


N series petrol engines and CO catalytic converters

The exhaust systems of N43/N53 series engines are equipped with 2 or 4 catalytic converters:

1 or 2 CO catalytic converters (1 piece for N43 series engines, 2 pieces for N53 series engines) and

Read more…


Flow rate data coding of injectors

In case, someone decides to register the injectors… Or – if the engine has unexplained problems with long-term trims (they last very long, are not able to be finished; the engine has permanent vibration even with completed long-term trims etc.; MSD80 has no error message records).

Read more..


Error messages. Intro

Vehicle self diagnostics is developed to facilitate the finding of defects in vehicle electronics systems. Each module of system continuously controls the sensors, actuators, working ability of different modules, in case of problems the system records error messages and/or modifies the operation algorithm..

Read more..


Error messages. Part 2

When first electronic management units for the engine management were introduced (for example, Jetronic), they were analog, without any possibility of self-diagnostics.

 

Read more…


Misfire counters

How to interpret misfire counters data.

 

Read more…

 


Rough run menu

This entry is dedicated to the topic – how to work with Rough run data, how this information can help us in our work.

True though, harsh reality will introduce its corrections. I planned to describe both ISTA and INPA, but…

Read more…


Valvetronic

Valvetronic is, most probably, the most hated hub of the BMW engine. In the same time, it’s “last hope” of the engine repair specialists – if they are not able to find the cause of the problem, most probably, Valvetronic will be the one to blame.

Read more…


Valvetronic. Guilty or not?

Every repair of Valvetronic is time-consuming and expensive, so the question – what symptoms are characteristic exactly to the defects of Valvetronic – is very important.

 

Read more…


Valvetronic and HVA

Sometimes we hear allegation – what can be changed in an internal combustion engine for several tenths of years? Everything is the same!

Actually, there are a lot of changes.

Read more…


Valvetronic and HVA. Part 2

And finally – one more argument, which doesn’t talk in favor of HVA.

 

Read more…


Defects of Valvetronic components

In this entry we will look at possible defects of Valvetronic components due to wear, and what effects these defects have on the valve lift.

We assume, that BMW AG has manufactured perfect details, and they are damaged exactly due to wear.

Read more…


Defects of Valvetronic. Diagram

To make it easier to recognize the defects, I made a diagram – Valvetronic, Generation 2.

The speed of wear marks details, more subject to wear. Accordingly – if the signs of wear cannot be found on details, marked with red (inner circle), there is no reason to believe, that there will be significant wear of details…

Read more…


Problem of Valvetronic. Generation 1

In several forums and blogs, I’ve seen a “copy/paste style” recital about the problem, which is characteristic to Valvetronic of Generation 1.

 

Read more…


 

WWW. What Went Wrong:


How NOT to encode the injectors

My experience with BMW N series engines (MSV/MSD series management units) shows, that at least in 80 .. 90% cases the replacement of the injectors is unjustified.

After such (unnecessary) replacement is two possible scenarios:…

Read more…


Why diagnostics, performed by dealer, fails

Many people are opposing – it’s not possible, that authorized dealer of BMW AG can not detect defects for engine, manufactured by BMW AG!

So, for today I’m going to pretend to be a diagnostics specialist from authorized dealer center.

Read more…


Intake manifold. Problems of air-tightness

One of the more common problems – air suction of the intake manifold. Although the problem is very common, it’s manifestations are different and sometimes they are “hiding”.

 

Read more…


MSD80 diagnostics using ISTA D

In this entry – diagnostic options, available with ISTA D. ISTA D is the main tool of dealer’s service center. Special attention will be paid to compare possibilities of ISTA D with INPA.

 

Read more…


N53 series engine. Problem of 3rd cylinder

Manifestations of defect – uneven running of the engine, misfires.

Checking error message memory, very often you will find error messages regarding fuel trim of bank No.1, CO catalytic converters of bank No.1 and/or trim of Lambda probes…

Read more…


Cold engine and problems of injectors

If the performance of any injector is inappropriate in case of warm engine, it could be easily identifiable, using INPA. For example, using data of cylinder efficiency (../F5/Shift+F6/F3), the amount of correction applied to each cylinder (../F5/Shift+F6/F1), etc.

Read more…


Cold engine and problems of injectors. Part 2

When the weather gets cold, more and more often problems with the performance of cold engine arise. What to do, if the situation turned out to be more complicated.

 

Read more…


Ignition coils

Replacement of ignition coils for direct injection engines is very usual operation. It goes without saying – as refilling the window washer fluid. The engine is shaking again? Let’s change ignition coils – and done!

Read more..

 


Ignition coils. Episode 2

In the century, when humans are planning to go to Mars, it doesn’t seems logical, that BMW was not capable to create stable and safe engine ignition system. While using my test stand for ignition coils, I noticed strange nuances in coil’s performance and decided to research this situation in a real engine.

Read more..


Ignition coils. Part 3

In my work, I stick to the principle, that the replacement of the component should be reasonable. Accordingly – before performing the replacement, it has to be checked, that the current element/knot is damaged.

 

Read more…


Electric waterpump

 

Petrol engines of N series uses electric water pump. Older ones use pump with 480W power, for newer engines the power of it reaches 700W.

Read more..


Crankcase ventilation

The crankcase ventilation system is used in all nowadays engine. It’s task is to seize the vapours of oil and fuel and drain them to inlet manifold for repeated burning.

Unfortunately the understanding, how exactly this knot works – most often it’s limited with “leveling the pressures”, which is not true. Read more..


Crankcase ventilation. Part 2

For N43/N53 engines, the crankcase ventilation valve is part of the valve cover, which means – in case of the damaged membrane, the valve cover has to be replaced. Price of this spare part is EUR 400 .. 450.

Accordingly, the question “is it possible to replace only the membrane” is very logical.

Read more…


Fail continues?

Has BMW AG developed correct test procedures? Has the N43/N53 series engines learned something?

NO!

 

Read more…


 

And more..


Purchase of used car. Mileage

Possibly, the mileage of the car is the most important parameter, to which the buyer pays attention when he fas found the preferred car.

Below we will compare three different cars, with a different history. Let’s see, how much does the mileage mean.

Read more…


Washing of the windshield

Very simple task – as relaxation. Not only users of BMW E60, but also owners of other BMW models are complaining, that the windshield washing is not OK.

Even YouTube videos don’t give a clear view, how the windshield should be washed.

Read more…


Engine temperature. Hidden menu

This time – very simple topic – checking the engine temperature, using hidden menu.

How to open this hidden section, you can find on YouTube, the procedure will not give any problems.

Read more…


Oil pressure. Emergency mode

If MSD detects, that the oil supply system is not able to maintain required pressure (it means, the pressure value does not correspond to a required value longer than time X, or PWM value for time Y is not within required values), MSD turns on the emergency oils supply mode.

Read more…


INPA error message. How does it looks

 

 

Read more…

 


Diagnostics with INPA. Part 1

INPA is an irreplaceable tool for solving complex problems. INPA allows to read huge amount of data, which are not “seen” by other diagnostic tools. INPA ir irreplaceable, for example, in engine diagnostics.

Identification of vehicle and modules. Read more…


Diagnostics with INPA. Part 2

Engine diagnostics. Live data.

 

Read more…

 


Diagnostics with INPA. Part 3

Engine diagnostics. Activation blocks.

 

Read more…

 


Diagnostics with INPA. Part 4

Engine diagnostics. Adaptations. Test blocks.

 

Read more…

 


INPA upgrade

Till now I was using one of the newest (stable) INPA versions – 5.0.6, which was using 1.001 loader for MSD80 diagnostics.

Today I got 2.023 loader and decided to test it.

Read more..


INPA loader 2.023

 

 

 

 


N54 series engines. Misfire faults

As indicated by BMW AG, N54 engines, which are used in E60/E61, E9X, E88, E82, can have incorrect misfire indications (typically for cylinders of first bank).

 

Read more…


Diagnostics of MS43

Time ago, MS43 was very popular control unit of petrol engines. In this entry I will describe some nuances of diagnostics for MS43.

 

Read more…


Piezo injectors

N43/N53/N54 and other direct injection engines uses not “classical” (coil – electromagnetic), but piezoelectric (material, which changes size, if affected by voltage) injectors. Piezoelectric injectors has been chosen because of instant reaction, which allows to execute multi-point (several injection cycles) injection mode.

Read more..


Cleaning of piezo injectors

While ago I began to take an interest regarding cleaning and diagnostics of piezoelectric injectors.Unfortunately then there was no options available – but now situation has changed.

Read more..

 


N43/N53. Components of NOx system

 

 

Read more…

 


NOx sensors. OEM codes

 

 

Read more…

 


Encoding of new NOx catalytic converter

How to encode a new NOx catalytic converter using ISTA D

 

Read more..

 


Encoding of new NOx sensor

How to encode a new NOx sensor using ISTA D

 

Read more…

 


Forced desulphation session of NOx catalytic converter

How to activate forced desulphation session of NOx catalytic converter using ISTA D or INPA

 

Read more…

 


Re-adaptation of the engine

How to:

clear old adaptations and create new ones.

Read more…